Tag Archives: rise/raise etc.

Rise/Raise and Sit/Set and Lie/Lay Tips

Many hands rising the sky together, children and adults - stock photo





Sit and rise have I’s–and lie does too.
“Coz these are things that I, all by myself, can do.
Set, raise, and lay are words that you choose
When each one has an object after it to use.





I am going to take sit/set; rise/raise; and lie/lay one pair at a time over the next few days; however, I wanted to start the series (or at least this second post) with teacher tips.
I have watched kids with glossed over eyes as I have tried many techniques and order to teach these tricky pairs, and have had many difficulties “rise” up and confuse them (and me!):
  1. People lie; things get laid down—sort of works, but it’s not just people who lie—the sun lies on the horizon; the city lies asleep in the early morning hours; the animal lies in the middle of the road….you get the idea
  2. People lie; things get laid down—but it still didn’t help with the sit/set and rise/raise dilemma
  3. The past tense of lie (as in yesterday I lay down to take a nap…don’t I wish!) is the same as the current tense of lay (as in I am going to lay the book on the table)—poor kids!
  4. And so many more!
So here are a few tips that I would like to pass along to those trying to teach these rules:
  1. Consider a rhyme or mnemonic like the one above to reinforce the I’s in sit, rise, and lie—when we remind students that I do those things—and they have I’s in them, we are helping them remember that these do not have objects following them.
  2. Do NOT start with lie. It is by far the most confusing of the trio—and I try to do that one after rise and sit (with fewer exceptions, etc.) are established in students’ minds.
  3. DO start with sit. Set has the same tense for all—present; past; and past participle. Today I set the table; yesterday I set the table; before that I have set the table.
  4. If you are teaching from a Christian standpoint, Jesus and God are prime examples of rise/rose/has risen and raise/raised/has raised:
    1. Jesus will rise from the grave. God will raise Jesus.
    2. Jesus rose from the grave. God raised Jesus.
    3. Jesus has risen from the grave. God has raised Jesus.
  1. Suggested order: sit/set; rise/raise; and lie/lay.
Happy teaching—and learning! J

Lie vs Lay

Sit and rise have I’s–and lie does too.
“Coz these are things that I, all by myself, can do.
Set, raise, and lay are words that you choose
When each one has an object after it to use.
Here we are at the end of our Wacky Word pair—lie and lay.
Remember these lie and lay tips:
  1. Lie has an I—and I alone can do it (it is not done TO something else).
    1. I lie in bed at  wide awake.
    2. Yesterday I lay awake half the night.
    3. Before that I had lain down when the cat jumped on me.
  1. Lie means to stretch out in a flat position—anybody or anything can lie, as long as it does it by itself (i.e. it is NOT laid)
    1. She lies down with a headache every day.
    2. The sun is lying low.
    3. She has lain down for a nap.
  1. Lay must have an object following it—something that it is being laid down.
    1. Lay your book on the table.
    2. He laid his money down.
    3. She has laid the towels in the sun.
Okay…the tenses for the three:
1. Lie
            a. Base form: lie—Tomorrow I will lie down early. (Remember—no object; down is an adverb; early is an adverb here, not an object.
            b. Past simple: lay—Yesterday I lay in the sun. (Tricky part: past tense of lie is lay; lay is also the present tense of lay—to lay something down!)
            b. Past participle: lain—They have lain low ever since then.
            d. Third person singular: lies—The dog just lies under the tree all day long.
            e. Present participle/gerund: lying—The sun was lying on the horizon for so long today.
2. Lay
      1. Base form: lay—I lay the kids’ clothes out every day. (Tricky: lay is the base form of lay (to put something down; it is also the past tense of lie—to stretch out by yourself or itself.)
      2. Past simple: laid—Yesterday I laid the pink pants out for Jon.
      3. Past participle: laid—Before the dog came in, I had already laid his bones out.
      4. Third person singular: lays—He lays the book down every night at ten.
      5. Present participle/gerund: laying—I am laying the swim suits out to dry.
Tricky Tricks to Help It Stick
  1. Again, do sit/set first (all same base word for tenses of set!) or rise/raise (since many people get this pair correct even if they do not know sit/set and lie/lay very well).
  2. Do rise/raise after sit/set or sit/set after rise/raise (saving lie/lay for last).
  3. Memorize acronym/rhyme to cement the fact that all three with I’s are the ones that are done by someone or something (not to something).
  4. When you get to lie and lay, to lie first all by itself until it is memorized. Then do lay. (I am starting to wait a week between the two with lots of practice on lie during that week before moving on to lay.)
I’m officially done with sit/set; rise/raise; and lie/lay! Time to move on. I feel that I have risen to the occasion and am glad that I did not sit idly by and lay these tricky ones aside. Glad I did not let people lie in agony over these Wacky Words. I would like for all of us to set our grammar burdens aside and raise a toast in honor of sit/set; rise/raise; and lie/lay! J (Last time for a while, honest!)

Sit and Set Pop Quiz With Answer Key!




      Sit Down While I Set Up a Quiz For You!



Sit and rise have I’s–and lie does too.
“Coz these are things that I, all by myself, can do.
Set, raise, and lay are words that you choose
When each one has an object after it to use.

Fill in the blanks below with the correct forms/tenses of sit/set.
  1. She _________ down and wept when she heard the news.
  2. They _______ down.
  3. They _______ the plants out.
  4. They will be _______ the clothes out beforehand.
  5. Yesterday, he ________ down to rest.
  6. They will ________ the clothes out to dry.
  7. He _________ down.
  8. He is ____________ down.
  9. They will be _________ the clothes out beforehand.
  10. She has _________ the clothes out beforehand.
  11. They have __________ down.
  12. He has ____________ down.
  13. They __________ the trap to catch the bear.
  14. They are __________ down.
  15. They will ________ the tent up at .





ANSWER KEY:


  • She sat down and wept when she heard the news.
  • They sit down.(or sat)
  • They set the plants out.
  • They will be setting the clothes out beforehand.
  • Yesterday, he sat down to rest.
  • They will set the clothes out to dry.
  • He sits down.
  • He is sitting down.
  • They will be setting the clothes out beforehand.
  • She has set the clothes out beforehand.
  • They have sat down.
  • He has sat down.
  • They set the trap to catch the bear.
  • They are sitting down.
  • They will set the tent up at .
  • Raise vs. Rise



    RAISE a toast! Use an object with RAISE….toast is the object.



    Sit and rise have I’s–and lie does too.
    “Coz these are things that I, all by myself, can do.
    Set, raise, and lay are words that you choose
    When each one has an object after it to use.

    I like to start with the simplest Wacky Word pair—RAISE AND RISE–though I have often thought sit/set was the easiest pair because all of the set forms are the same. However, raise and rise are less often misspoken or mis-written, so I have changed my thoughts on this. 
    Remember these RISE and RAISE tips:
    1. Rise has an I—and I alone can do it (it is not done TO something else).
      1. I RISE early.
      2. Yesterday I ROSE early.*
      3. Before that I had RISEN early.
    *Just think I RISE early, and Rose ROSE early…
    1. RISE means to head upward—anybody or anything can rise, as long as it does it by itself (i.e. it is NOT RAISED)
      1. The sun ROSE early…all by itself.
      2. I RISE before dawn (not really!).
      3. They are RISING up in protest.
      4. She has RISEN from that position one time.
      5. They are RISING in honor of the king. 
      6. We have to wait for the bread to RISE.
    1. RAISE does not have an I (first)—it is done TO something.
    2. RAISE must have an object following it—something that it is being RAISED.
      1. RAISE the flag..
      2. Did he RAISE a toast?
      3. They will not RAISE the drawbridge today.
      4. She had some definite opinions to RAISE at the meeting.
      5. The kids RAISED a raucous to get attention.
      6. We RAISED our voices in protest.
      7. How much money did we RAISE?
    1. RAISE is the same base word for all of its tenses: RAISE, RAISE, RAISED, RAISING.  That is why I recommend teaching this Wacky Word pair first (of the three), along with the fact that people do not usually say, “I rose my glass for a toast,” so it is more familiar, thus making it easier to learn (going from the known to the unknown, the familiar to the unfamiliar).
    Okay…the tenses for the pair:
    1, RISE
                a. Base form: RISE—Today I RISE early.  (Remember—no object; early is an adverb here, not an object.
                b. Past simple: ROSE—Yesterday I ROSE early..
                b. Past participle: RISEN—Before that, I had RISEN early.
                d. Third person singular: RISES—He RISES early.
                e. Present participle/gerund: RISING—I was RISING early.
    2. RAISE
          1. Base form: RAISE—Today I RAISE my voice in the meeting.  (Object—voice)
          2. Past simple: RAISED—Yesterday I RAISED my voice in the meeting.
          3. Past participle: RAISED—Before that I HAD RAISED my voice in the meeting.
          4. Third person singular: RAISES—She RAISES her voice in the meeting.
          5. Present participle/gerund: RAISING—I am RAISING my voice in the meeting.

    day 99: lie and lay

    Sit and rise have I’s–and lie does too.
    “Coz these are things that I, all by myself, can do.
    Set, raise, and lay are words that you choose
    When each one has an object after it to use.
    Here we are at the end of our Wacky Word pair—lie and lay.
    Remember these lie and lay tips:
    1. Lie has an I—and I alone can do it (it is not done TO something else).
      1. I lie in bed at wide awake.
      2. Yesterday I lay awake half the night.
      3. Before that I had lain down when the cat jumped on me.
    1. Lie means to stretch out in a flat position—anybody or anything can lie, as long as it does it by itself (i.e. it is NOT laid)
      1. She lies down with a headache every day.
      2. The sun is lying low.
      3. She has lain down for a nap.
    1. Lay must have an object following it—something that it is being laid down.
      1. Lay your book on the table.
      2. He laid his money down.
      3. She has laid the towels in the sun.
    Okay…the tenses for the three:
    1. Lie
                a. Base form: lie—Tomorrow I will lie down early. (Remember—no object; down is an adverb; early is an adverb here, not an object.
                b. Past simple: lay—Yesterday I lay in the sun. (Tricky part: past tense of lie is lay; lay is also the present tense of lay—to lay something down!)
                b. Past participle: lain—They have lain low ever since then.
                d. Third person singular: lies—The dog just lies under the tree all day long.
                e. Present participle/gerund: lying—The sun was lying on the horizon for so long today.
    2. Lay
          1. Base form: lay—I lay the kids’ clothes out every day. (Tricky: lay is the base form of lay (to put something down; it is also the past tense of lie—to stretch out by yourself or itself.)
          2. Past simple: laid—Yesterday I laid the pink pants out for Jon.
          3. Past participle: laid—Before the dog came in, I had already laid his bones out.
          4. Third person singular: lays—He lays the book down every night at ten.
          5. Present participle/gerund: laying—I am laying the swim suits out to dry.
    Tricky Tricks to Help It Stick
    1. Again, do sit/set first (all same base word for tenses of set!) or rise/raise (since many people get this pair correct even if they do not know sit/set and lie/lay very well).
    2. Do rise/raise after sit/set or sit/set after rise/raise (saving lie/lay for last).
    3. Memorize acronym/rhyme to cement the fact that all three with I’s are the ones that are done by someone or something (not to something).
    4. When you get to lie and lay, to lie first all by itself until it is memorized. Then do lay. (I am starting to wait a week between the two with lots of practice on lie during that week before moving on to lay.)
    I’m officially done with sit/set; rise/raise; and lie/lay! Time to move on. I feel that I have risen to the occasion and am glad that I did not sit idly by and lay these tricky ones aside. Glad I did not let people lie in agony over these Wacky Words. I would like for all of us to set our grammar burdens aside and raise a toast in honor of sit/set; rise/raise; and lie/lay! J (Last time for a while, honest!)

    day 95: sit and set pop quiz—answer key

    Sit and rise have I’s–and lie does too.
    “Coz these are things that I, all by myself, can do.
    Set, raise, and lay are words that you choose
    When each one has an object after it to use.
    1. She sat down and wept when she heard the news.
    2. They sit down.(or sat)
    3. They set the plants out.
    4. They will be setting the clothes out beforehand.
    5. Yesterday, he sat down to rest.
    6. They will set the clothes out to dry.
    7. He sits down.
    8. He is sitting down.
    9. They will be setting the clothes out beforehand.
    10. She has set the clothes out beforehand.
    11. They have sat down.
    12. He has sat down.
    13. They set the trap to catch the bear.
    14. They are sitting down.
    15. They will set the tent up at .
    How did you do? 🙂 Rise and raise coming soon!

    day 94: sit and set pop quiz!

    Sit and rise have I’s–and lie does too.
    “Coz these are things that I, all by myself, can do.
    Set, raise, and lay are words that you choose
    When each one has an object after it to use.
    Fill in the blanks below with the correct forms/tenses of sit/set.
    1. She _________ down and wept when she heard the news.
    2. They _______ down.
    3. They _______ the plants out.
    4. They will be _______ the clothes out beforehand.
    5. Yesterday, he ________ down to rest.
    6. They will ________ the clothes out to dry.
    7. He _________ down.
    8. He is ____________ down.
    9. They will be _________ the clothes out beforehand.
    10. She has _________ the clothes out beforehand.
    11. They have __________ down.
    12. He has ____________ down.
    13. They __________ the trap to catch the bear.
    14. They are __________ down.
    15. They will ________ the tent up at .

    day 91: sit and set

    Sit and rise have I’s–and lie does too.
    “Coz these are things that I, all by myself, can do.
    Set, raise, and lay are words that you choose
    When each one has an object after it to use.




    “Sit, Fido! Before I have to set you down myself!”


    Remember these sit and set tips:
    1. Sit has an I—and I alone can do it (it is not done TO something else).
      1. I sit down.
      2. Yesterday I sat down.
      3. Before that I had sat down.
    1. Sit means to recline or lower down to a sitting position—anybody or anything can sit, as long as it does it by itself (i.e. it is NOT set)
      1. The chair sits in the corner empty, missing its owner.
      2. She sat there and pouted all afternoon.
      3. They are sitting down in protest.
      4. She has sat there in tears all day.
      5. They are sitting in the parlor.
    1. Set does not have an I—it is done TO something.
    2. Set must have an object following it—something that it is setting.
      1. Set the table.
      2. Set the baby down in her seat.
      3. God set the stars in the sky.
      4. Set the book on the counter.
      5. We will be setting up decorations at noon.
      6. The jello still needs to set . (It’s like you are saying to set the jello!)
      7. She sets the table as though a king is coming.
    1. Set is the same base word for all of its tenses: set; set; set; sets; setting. That is why I recommend teaching this Wacky Word pair first (of the three).
    Okay…the tenses for the three:
    1, Sit
                a. Base form: sit—Today I sit down. (Remember—no object; down is an adverb here, not an object.
                b. Past simple: sat—Yesterday I sat down.
                b. Past participle: sat—Before that, I had sat down.
                d. Third person singular: sits—The dog sits in the corner.
                e. Present participle/gerund: sitting—I was sitting down.
    2. Set
          1. Base form: set—Today I set the vase on the table. (Object—vase)
          2. Past simple: set—Yesterday I set the vase on the table.
          3. Past participle: set—Before that I set the vase on the table.
          4. Third person singular: sets—She sets the vase on the table.
          5. Present participle/gerund: setting—I am setting the vase on the table.
    Tomorrow is quiz day…so be ready! J

    day 90: sit/set; rise/raise; lie/lay tips for teachers

    Many hands rising the sky together, children and adults - stock photo





    Sit and rise have I’s–and lie does too.
    “Coz these are things that I, all by myself, can do.
    Set, raise, and lay are words that you choose
    When each one has an object after it to use.





    I am going to take sit/set; rise/raise; and lie/lay one pair at a time over the next few days; however, I wanted to start the series (or at least this second post) with teacher tips.
    I have watched kids with glossed over eyes as I have tried many techniques and order to teach these tricky pairs, and have had many difficulties “rise” up and confuse them (and me!):
    1. People lie; things get laid down—sort of works, but it’s not just people who lie—the sun lies on the horizon; the city lies asleep in the early morning hours; the animal lies in the middle of the road….you get the idea
    2. People lie; things get laid down—but it still didn’t help with the sit/set and rise/raise dilemma
    3. The past tense of lie (as in yesterday I lay down to take a nap…don’t I wish!) is the same as the current tense of lay (as in I am going to lay the book on the table)—poor kids!
    4. And so many more!
    So here are a few tips that I would like to pass along to those trying to teach these rules:
    1. Consider a rhyme or mnemonic like the one above to reinforce the I’s in sit, rise, and lie—when we remind students that I do those things—and they have I’s in them, we are helping them remember that these do not have objects following them.
    2. Do NOT start with lie. It is by far the most confusing of the trio—and I try to do that one after rise and sit (with fewer exceptions, etc.) are established in students’ minds.
    3. DO start with sit. Set has the same tense for all—present; past; and past participle. Today I set the table; yesterday I set the table; before that I have set the table.
    4. If you are teaching from a Christian standpoint, Jesus and God are prime examples of rise/rose/has risen and raise/raised/has raised:
      1. Jesus will rise from the grave. God will raise Jesus.
      2. Jesus rose from the grave. God raised Jesus.
      3. Jesus has risen from the grave. God has raised Jesus.
    1. Suggested order: sit/set; rise/raise; and lie/lay.
    Happy teaching—and learning! J

    day 88: rise, lie, sit overview

    Moving on from National Poetry Month–though if someone would like to send poetry, I will still publish it until the end of April.

    With Easter so close, I thought we would look at a tricky Wacky Word pair–rise and raise (followed by sit and set and lie and lay since you really should learn them together, if possible).

    First, an overview:

    Rise and sit have I’s–and lie does too.
    “Coz these are things that I, all by myself, can do.
    Raise, set, and lay are words that you choose
    When each one has an object after it to use.

    What does that mean? It means that I and rIse, I can sIt, and I can lIe without any object.

    But I raise something; I set something; and I lay something….

    More tomorrow…then one at a time. These are confusing ones, but with LL’s tips and tricks, you will be raising your head high, sitting with grammarians with confidence, laying your dictionary aside, rising up to the occasion, setting the stage for future success, and lying down at night, knowing that you understand lie, rise, and sit! 🙂